Send JSON in a POST request in Golang

In this post, we will guide how to send  JSON in POST request using Go’s standard library. We’ll ensure you understand the necessary steps and best practices. Sending JSON in a POST request is a common task for backend developers, and in the world of Golang, it is no different. As a language designed for modern computing, Go provides robust tools for networking and HTTP communication, allowing developers to effectively send JSON data over the web.

Send POST Requests with JSON in Go

Table of Contents


Before you start, make sure you have a working Go environment. You also need to have a basic understanding of HTTP and RESTful APIs. Familiarity with JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) and the Go programming language is also recommended to follow along with the examples provided.

Basic Example of Sending JSON in a POST Request

Let’s look at a simple example where we send a JSON string in a POST request to an API endpoint.

package main

import (

func main() {
    // Define the JSON payload
    jsonStr := []byte(`{"name":"Jane Doe","email":"[email protected]"}`)

    // The target URL for the POST request
    url := ""

    // Creating a new request
    req, err := http.NewRequest("POST", url, bytes.NewBuffer(jsonStr))
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Printf("Error: %s\n", err)

    // Set headers
    req.Header.Set("Content-Type", "application/json")

    // Client to send the request
    client := &http.Client{}

    // Sending the request
    resp, err := client.Do(req)
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Printf("Error sending request: %s\n", err)
    defer resp.Body.Close()

    // Print the response status
    fmt.Println("response Status:", resp.Status)


Handling Advanced Scenarios

Now, let’s dig into a more advanced scenario where you might need to handle a JSON response and deal with HTTP status codes.

// (The beginning of the code would be the same as the basic example above...)

// Execute the POST request.
resp, err := client.Do(req)
if err != nil {
    fmt.Printf("Error sending request: %s\n", err)
defer resp.Body.Close()

// Check the status code
if resp.StatusCode == http.StatusOK {
    // Decode JSON body if status code is OK
    var result map[string]interface{}
    if err := json.NewDecoder(resp.Body).Decode(&result); err != nil {
        fmt.Printf("Error decoding JSON: %s\n", err)
    fmt.Println("JSON response:", result)
} else {
    fmt.Println("response Status:", resp.Status)


Error Handling in POST Requests

Proper error handling is crucial in any application that interfaces with the web. When sending a POST request with a JSON payload, always check for errors at every stage of the process.

Sample Output

Here’s an example of what the output could look like after successfully sending a JSON post request and receiving a JSON response from the server.

response Status: 200 OK
JSON response: {"id":"123", "name":"Jane Doe", "message":"User added successfully"}

Conclusive Summary

In this post, we’ve covered how to send JSON data in a POST request using Golang. We’ve explored a basic example, delved into more advanced scenarios, and emphasized the importance of proper error handling. With this knowledge, you should be well-equipped to send JSON data to any API using Go. Remember to check response status codes and handle errors cleanly to make your applications robust and reliable.