Golang Gorilla Tutorial : Step-by-Step Guide with Examples

Welcome to this comprehensive tutorial on using the Golang Gorilla web toolkit.  In this guide, we’ll cover how to use Gorilla to create sophisticated web applications. The Gorilla toolkit is an invaluable set of libraries for routing, session management, and more in Go’s net/http package.

Golang Gorilla tutorial

Introduction to Golang Gorilla Toolkit

The Gorilla toolkit comprises a comprehensive set of packages and tools actively designed to establish a robust foundation for developing web applications in the Go programming language (often referred to as Golang). This toolkit is specifically crafted to cater to the unique needs of Go developers, with a primary focus on enhancing efficiency and scalability.

Here’s a breakdown of its key attributes:

  1. Efficiency: Gorilla toolkit prioritizes efficiency by providing well-optimized packages and utilities. It is designed to make the most out of Go’s inherent performance capabilities. This efficiency ensures that web applications built with Gorilla can handle a high volume of requests with minimal resource consumption.
  2. Scalability: Scalability is a core consideration for modern web applications, especially those that anticipate rapid growth. Gorilla offers components and patterns that facilitate the development of scalable applications. This includes support for concurrent processing, enabling applications to handle multiple requests simultaneously.
  3. Tailored for Go: Gorilla is not a generic web development toolkit; it’s specifically tailored for the Go programming language. This means it leverages Go’s unique features, such as goroutines for concurrent programming, strongly typed variables, and built-in support for managing dependencies. The toolkit aligns seamlessly with Go’s idioms and coding practices.
  4. Extensibility: While Gorilla provides a strong foundation, it’s also extensible. Developers can integrate additional Go packages or third-party libraries to extend its functionality, allowing them to customize their web applications according to their project’s specific requirements.
  5. Community and Support: Being a popular choice among Go developers, Gorilla has an active community and robust support. This means developers can access documentation, tutorials, and community-driven resources to aid in the development process and troubleshoot any issues that may arise.


Setting Up Golang Gorilla

To start using Gorilla, install it with Go’s package manager:

go get -u github.com/gorilla/mux


Now let’s set up a basic web server:

func setupServer() {
  r := mux.NewRouter()
  r.HandleFunc("/", HomeHandler)
  http.Handle("/", r)
  log.Fatal(http.ListenAndServe(":8000", r))

func main() {

func HomeHandler(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
  w.Write([]byte("Hello, Gorilla!"))


Hello, Gorilla!


Routing with Gorilla Mux

Gorilla Mux, a component of the Gorilla toolkit, is a powerful URL router and dispatcher for building web applications in the Go programming language (Golang). It plays a critical role in handling incoming HTTP requests and determining how those requests should be processed by the application. Here’s an overview of how you can define routes using Gorilla Mux:

func setupRoutes() {
  r := mux.NewRouter()
  r.HandleFunc("/products/{key}", ProductHandler)
  r.HandleFunc("/articles/{category}/", ArticlesCategoryHandler)
  http.Handle("/", r)
  log.Fatal(http.ListenAndServe(":8000", nil))

func ProductHandler(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
  vars := mux.Vars(r)
  key := vars["key"]
  w.Write([]byte("Product: " + key))


Product: [Your Product Key]


Using Middlewares

Middlewares allow code reuse and simplify tasks. Let’s use a logging middleware:

func loggingMiddleware(next http.Handler) http.Handler {
  return http.HandlerFunc(func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
    next.ServeHTTP(w, r)

func main() {
  r := mux.NewRouter()
  r.HandleFunc("/", HomeHandler)
  http.Handle("/", r)
  log.Fatal(http.ListenAndServe(":8000", nil))


Managing Sessions

To handle sessions, first get Gorilla sessions package:

go get github.com/gorilla/sessions


Then, you can use it to store and retrieve session data:

var store = sessions.NewCookieStore([]byte("secret-key"))

func MyHandler(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
  session, _ := store.Get(r, "session-name")
  session.Values["foo"] = "bar"
  session.Save(r, w)

Troubleshooting Tips

If you encounter issues, check:

  • Routing conflicts or typos in your URL patterns.
  • Correct middleware order, as it affects execution.
  • Session key security and storage practices.



In this Golang Gorilla tutorial, we have covered the basics of setting up a web server with Gorilla Mux, creating complex routes, implementing middleware, and managing user sessions. The Gorilla toolkit simplifies the development of high-performance web applications in Golang.